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Title: Plutonium Measurements with a Fast-Neutron Multiplicity Counter for Nuclear Safeguards Applications

Measurements were performed at the Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy to field test a fast-neutron multiplicity counter developed at the University of Michigan. The measurements allowed the assessment of the system's photon discrimination abilities, efficiency when measuring neutron multiplicity, ability to characterize 240Pueff mass, and performance relative to a currently deployed neutron coincidence counter. We describe how this work is motivated by the need to replace and improve upon 3He neutron detection systems for nuclear safeguards applications.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  2. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
  3. European Commission, Ispra (Italy). Joint Research Centre
  4. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1162207
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU--14-31272
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
DOE Contract Number:
NA0002534; AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment; Journal Volume: 763; Journal Issue: C
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE NA Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5); National Science Foundation (NSF); US Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; FAST NEUTRONS; PLUTONIUM; SAFEGUARDS assay; fast neutron; plutonium; pulse shape discrimination; safeguards; Nuclear safeguards; He-3 alternatives; Liquid scintillation detectors; MCNPX-PoliMi