Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Hybrid DS/FFH Spread-Spectrum Radio Transceiver
In recent years there has been great interest in using hybrid spread-spectrum (HSS) techniques for commercial applications, particularly in the Smart Grid, in addition to their inherent uses in military communications. This is because HSS can accommodate high data rates with high link integrity, even in the presence of significant multipath effects and interfering signals. A highly useful form of this transmission technique for many types of command, control, and sensing applications is the specific code-related combination of standard direct-sequence modulation with "fast" frequency-hopping, denoted hybrid DS/FFH, wherein multiple frequency hops occur within a single data-bit time. In this paper, we present the efforts carried out at Oak Ridge National Laboratory toward exploring the design, implementation, and evaluation of a hybrid DS/FFH spread-spectrum radio transceiver using a single Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The FPGA allows the various subsystems to quickly communicate with each other and thereby maintain tight synchronization. We also investigate various hopping sequences against robustness to interference and jamming. Experimental results are presented that show the receiver sensitivity, radio data-rate/bit-error evaluations, and jamming and interference rejection capabilities of the implemented hybrid DS/FFH spread-spectrum system under widely varying design parameters.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Military Communications Conference (MILCOM'14), Baltimore, MD, USA, 20141006, 20141008
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- ORNL work for others
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- Hybrid spread-spectrum; direct-sequence; frequency-hopping; interference; jamming; data rate; hopping sequence; Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA); direct digital synthesizer; receiver sensitivity
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