Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)
Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Relation:
- Related Information: 21st Century Power Partnership
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
- Sponsoring Org:
- Clean Energy Ministerial
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION VARIABLE RENEWABLE ENERGY; RENEWABLE ENERGY; CASE STUDIES; HIGH PENETRATION; BEST PRACTICES; SYSTEM FLEXIBILITY; MARKET EVOLUTION; INTEGRATE PLANNING; LEAD PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT; EXPAND ACCESS; IMPROVE OPERATIONS
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