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Title: Voltage Impacts of Utility-Scale Distributed Wind

Although most utility-scale wind turbines in the United States are added at the transmission level in large wind power plants, distributed wind power offers an alternative that could increase the overall wind power penetration without the need for additional transmission. This report examines the distribution feeder-level voltage issues that can arise when adding utility-scale wind turbines to the distribution system. Four of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory taxonomy feeders were examined in detail to study the voltage issues associated with adding wind turbines at different distances from the sub-station. General rules relating feeder resistance up to the point of turbine interconnection to the expected maximum voltage change levels were developed. Additional analysis examined line and transformer overvoltage conditions.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1158448
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-5D00-61825
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Wind Power Technologies Office
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; TRANSMISSION; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY DISTRIBUTED WIND POWER; VOLTAGE; TRANSMISSION; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; NREL; Wind Energy