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Title: Effect of tungsten crystallographic orientation on He-ion-induced surface morphology changes

In order to study the early stages of nanofuzz growth in fusion-plasma-facing tungsten, mirror-polished high-purity tungsten was exposed to 80 eV helium at 1130 C to a fluence of 4 1024 He/m2. The previously smooth surface shows morphology changes, and grains form one of four qualitatively different morphologies: smooth, wavy, pyramidal, or terraced/wide waves. Combining high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations to determine the morphology of each grain with quantitative measurement of the grain's orientation via electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) in SEM shows that the normal-direction crystallographic orientation of the underlying grain controls the growth morphology. Specifically, near-<001> || normal direction (ND) grains formed pyramids, near-<114> to <112> || ND grains formed wavy and stepped structures, and near-<103> || ND grains remained smooth. Comparisons to control specimens indicate no changes to underlying bulk crystallographic texture, and the effects are attributed to surface energy anisotropy, although, surprisingly, the expected {101} low-energy planes were not the most stable. Future developments to control tungsten texture via thermomechanical processing, ideally obtaining a sharp near- <103> || ND processing texture, may delay the formation of nanofuzz.
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  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Materialia; Journal Volume: 62
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Multicharged Ion Research Facility (MIRF)
Sponsoring Org:
ORNL LDRD Director's R&D
Country of Publication:
United States