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Title: Preliminary Concept of Operations for a Global Cylinder Identification and Monitoring System

This report describes a preliminary concept of operations for a Global Cylinder Identification and Monitoring System that could improve the efficiency of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in conducting its current inspection activities and could provide a capability to substantially increase its ability to detect credible diversion scenarios and undeclared production pathways involving UF6 cylinders. There exist concerns that a proliferant State with access to enrichment technology could obtain a cylinder containing natural or low-enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and produce a significant quantity (SQ)1 of highly enriched uranium in as little as 30 days. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative sponsored a multi-laboratory team to develop an integrated system that provides for detecting scenarios involving 1) diverting an entire declared cylinder for enrichment at a clandestine facility, 2) misusing a declared cylinder at a safeguarded facility, and 3) using an undeclared cylinder at a safeguarded facility. An important objective in developing this integrated system was to improve the timeliness for detecting the cylinder diversion and undeclared production scenarios. Developing this preliminary concept required in-depth analyses of current operational and safeguards practices at conversion, enrichment, and fuel fabrication facilities. The analyses evaluated the processing,more » movement, and storage of cylinders at the facilities; the movement of cylinders between facilities (including cylinder fabrication); and the misuse of safeguarded facilities.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. InSolves Associates
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: The paper reflects the work of a multi-laboratory team and their subcontractors. The authors are pleased to acknowledge the contributions to this project by Sean Branney (Savannah River National Laboratory), Ed Wonder (QinetiQ North America), Brian Boyer and Carolynn Scherer (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Michael Curtis and Travis Gitau (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), and Dan Collier (NAC International). The authors are especially appreciative of representatives of the following companies who hosted visits and provided comments and suggestions on the preliminary concept of operations: Urenco, Westinghouse, Global Nuclear Fuels, United States Enrichment Corporation, Cameco, Converdyn/Honeywell, and Worthington.
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Next Generation Safeguards Initiative
Country of Publication:
United States
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; Global Cylinder Identification and Monitoring System; tamper-indicating UID; nuclear commerce; new safeguards initiatives, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)