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Title: Apparatus and process for the separation of gases using supersonic expansion and oblique wave compression

The disclosure provides an apparatus and method for gas separation through the supersonic expansion and subsequent deceleration of a gaseous stream. The gaseous constituent changes phase from the gaseous state by desublimation or condensation during the acceleration producing a collectible constituent, and an oblique shock diffuser decelerates the gaseous stream to a subsonic velocity while maintain the collectible constituent in the non-gaseous state. Following deceleration, the carrier gas and the collectible constituent at the subsonic velocity are separated by a separation means, such as a centrifugal, electrostatic, or impingement separator. In an embodiment, the gaseous stream issues from a combustion process and is comprised of N.sub.2 and CO.sub.2.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1143642
Report Number(s):
8,771,401
13/208,784
Resource Type:
Patent
Research Org:
NETL (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING