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Title: Geothermal Water Use: Life Cycle Water Consumption, Water Resource Assessment, and Water Policy Framework

This report examines life cycle water consumption for various geothermal technologies to better understand factors that affect water consumption across the life cycle (e.g., power plant cooling, belowground fluid losses) and to assess the potential water challenges that future geothermal power generation projects may face. Previous reports in this series quantified the life cycle freshwater requirements of geothermal power-generating systems, explored operational and environmental concerns related to the geochemical composition of geothermal fluids, and assessed future water demand by geothermal power plants according to growth projections for the industry. This report seeks to extend those analyses by including EGS flash, both as part of the life cycle analysis and water resource assessment. A regional water resource assessment based upon the life cycle results is also presented. Finally, the legal framework of water with respect to geothermal resources in the states with active geothermal development is also analyzed.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
FY13 AOP 2.1
Resource Type:
Data Type:
Numeric Data
Research Org:
DOE Geothermal Data Repository; Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Geothermal Technologies Office (EE-4G)
Contributing Orgs:
Argonne National Laboratory
Country of Publication:
United States
15 Geothermal Energy; geothermal; power; EGS; water; policy; hydrothermal; binary; flash; water resource assessment; GETEM