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Title: Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) and Battery Management System (BMS) for Grid-Scale Applications

The current electric grid is an inefficient system that wastes significant amounts of the electricity it produces because there is a disconnect between the amount of energy consumers require and the amount of energy produced from generation sources. Power plants typically produce more power than necessary to ensure adequate power quality. By taking advantage of energy storage within the grid, many of these inefficiencies can be removed. Advanced modeling is required when using battery energy storage systems (BESS) for grid storage in order to accurately monitor and control the storage system. Battery management systems (BMS) control how the storage system will be used and a BMS that utilizes advanced physics-based models will offer for much more robust operation of the storage system. The paper outlines the current state of the art for modeling in BMS and the advanced models required to fully utilize BMS for both lithium-ion batteries and vanadium redox-flow batteries. In addition, system architecture and how it can be useful in monitoring and control is discussed. A pathway for advancing BMS to better utilize BESS for grid-scale applications is outlined.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1136226
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the IEEE; Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 6, June 2014
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION Transportation