Typograph: Multiscale Spatial Exploration of Text Documents
Visualizing large document collections using a spatial layout of terms can enable quick overviews of information. These visual metaphors (e.g., word clouds, tag clouds, etc.) traditionally show a series of terms organized by space-filling algorithms. However, often lacking in these views is the ability to interactively explore the information to gain more detail, and the location and rendering of the terms are often not based on mathematical models that maintain relative distances from other information based on similarity metrics. In this paper, we present Typograph, a multi-scale spatial exploration visualization for large document collections. Based on the term-based visualization methods, Typograh enables multiple levels of detail (terms, phrases, snippets, and full documents) within the single spatialization. Further, the information is placed based on their relative similarity to other information to create the “near = similar” geographic metaphor. This paper discusses the design principles and functionality of Typograph and presents a use case analyzing Wikipedia to demonstrate usage.
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- Conference: 2013 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, October 6-9, 2013, Silicon Valley, California, 17-24
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics , Piscataway, NJ, United States(US).
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- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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- United States
- visual analytics; sensemaking; text analytics; spatialization