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Title: Kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of excitation density dependent scintillation in CsI and CsI(Tl)

Nonlinear quenching of electron-hole pairs in the denser regions of ionization tracks created by γ-ray and high-energy electrons is a likely cause of the light yield nonproportionality of many inorganic scintillators. Therefore, kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations were carried out to investigate the scintillation properties of pure and thallium-doped CsI as a function of electron-hole pair density. The availability of recent experimental data on the excitation density dependence of the light yield of CsI following ultraviolet excitation allowed for an improved parameterization of the interactions between self-trapped excitons (STE) in the KMC model via dipole-dipole Förster transfer. The KMC simulations reveal that nonlinear quenching occurs very rapidly (within a few picoseconds) in the early stages of the scintillation process. In addition, the simulations predict that the concentration of thallium activators can affect the extent of nonlinear quenching as it has a direct influence on the STE density through STE dissociation and electron scavenging. This improved model will enable more realistic simulations of the nonproportional γ-ray and electron response of inorganic scintillators.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1132721
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-92124
NN2001000
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physica Status Solidi B, Basic Research, 250(8):1532-1540
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English