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Title: One-Pot Synthesis of Urchin-like FePd–Fe 3 O 4 and Their Conversion into Exchange-Coupled L1 0 –FePd–Fe Nanocomposite Magnets

We report a one-pot synthesis of urchin-like FePd-Fe3O4 nanocomposites, spherical clusters of FePd nanoparticles (NPs) with spikes of Fe3O4 nanorods (NRs), via controlled thermal decomposition of Fe(CO)5 and reduction of Pd(acac)2. The FePd NPs with sizes between 6 and 9 nm self-aggregate into 60 nm superparticles (SPs), and Fe3O4 NRs grow on the surface of these SPs. Reductive annealing at 500 °C converts the FePd-Fe3O4 into exchange-coupled nanocomposites L1(0)-FePd-Fe with their Hc tunable from 0.8 to 2.6 kOe and Ms controlled from 90 to 190 emu/g. The work provides a general approach to L1(0)-FePd-Fe nanocomposite magnets for understanding exchange coupling at the nanoscale. The concept may be extended to other magnetic nanocomposite systems and may help to build superstrong magnets for magnetic applications.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
IS-J 8181
Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nano Letters; Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 10
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE nanocomposites; reductive annealing; exchange coupling; nanocomposite magnets