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Title: Monte Carlo Simulation of Gamma-Ray Response of BaF2 and CaF2

We have employed a Monte Carlo (MC) method to study intrinsic properties of two alkaline-earth halides, namely BaF2 and CaF2, relevant to their use as radiation detector materials. The MC method follows the fate of individual electron-hole (e-h) pairs and thus allows for a detailed description of the microscopic structure of ionization tracks created by incident γ-ray radiation. The properties of interest include the mean energy required to create an e-h pair, W, Fano factor, F, the maximum theoretical light yield, and the spatial distribution of e-h pairs resulting from γ-ray excitation. Although W and F vary with incident photon energy at low energies, they tend to constant values at energies higher than 1 keV. W is determined to be 18.9 and 19.8 eV for BaF2 and CaF2, respectively, in agreement with published data. The e-h pair spatial distributions exhibit a linear distribution along the fast electron tracks with high e-h pair densities at the end of the tracks. Most e-h pairs are created by interband transition and plasmon excitation in both scintillators, but the e-h pairs along fast electron tracks in BaF2 are slightly clustered, forming nanoscale domains and resulting in the higher e-h pair densities than in CaF2.more » Combining the maximum theoretical light yields calculated for BaF2 and CaF2 with those obtained for CsI and NaI shows that the theoretical light yield decreases linearly with increasing band gap energy.« less
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
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Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics, 114(17):Article No. 173512
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
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Country of Publication:
United States
Intrinsic properties; detector materials; Monte CArlo method