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Title: Bis(fluoromalonato)borate (BFMB) anion based ionic liquid as an additive for lithium-ion battery electrolytes

Propylene carbonate (PC) is a good solvent for lithium ion battery applications due to its low melting point and high dielectric constant. But, PC is easily intercalated into graphite causing it to exfoliate, killing its electrochemical performance. We report on the synthesis of a new ionic liquid electrolyte based on partially fluorinated borate anion, 1-butyl-1,2-dimethylimidazolium bis(fluoromalonato)borate (BDMIm.BFMB), which can be used as an additive in 1 M LiPF6/PC electrolyte to suppress graphite exfoliation and improve cycling performance. Additionally, both PC and BDMIm.BFMB can be used synergistically as additive to 1.0M LiPF6/methyl isopropyl sulfone (MIPS) to dramatically improve its cycling performance. It is also found that the chemistry nature of the ionic liquids has dramatic effect on their role as additive in PC based electrolyte.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciencese Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciencese Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1129617
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Materials Chemistry. A; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 20
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY