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Title: Foundations for quantitative microstructural models to track evolution of the metallurgical state during high purity Nb cavity fabrication

The goal of the Materials Science SRF Cavity Group of Michigan State University and the National Superconducting Cyclotron has been (and continues to be) to understand quantitatively the effects of process history on functional properties. These relationships were assessed via studies on Nb samples and cavity parts, which had various combinations of forming processes, welding, heat treatments, and surface preparation. A primary focus was on large-grain cavity building strategies. Effects of processing operations and exposure to hydrogen on the thermal conductivity has been identified in single and bi-crystal samples, showing that the thermal conductivity can be altered by a factor of 5 depending on process history. Characterization of single crystal tensile samples show a strong effect of crystal orientation on deformation resistance and shape changes. Large grain half cells were examined to characterize defect content and surface damage effects, which provided quantitative information about the depth damage layers from forming.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Michigan State University
  2. Facility for Rare Isotope Beams
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Final Report
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; Niobium, microstructure thermal conductivity, formability, recovery, crystal plasticity finite element modeling