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Title: Intersubunit communication in the dihydroorotase-aspartate transcarbamoylase complex of Aquifex aeolicus: Intersubunit Communication in a Pyrimidine Biosynthetic Complex

Aspartate transcarbamoylase and dihydroorotase, enzymes that catalyze the second and third step in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis, are associated in dodecameric complexes in Aquifex aeolicus and many other organisms. The architecture of the dodecamer is ideally suited to channel the intermediate, carbamoyl aspartate from its site of synthesis on the ATC subunit to the active site of DHO, which catalyzes the next step in the pathway, because both reactions occur within a large, internal solvent-filled cavity. Channeling usually requires that the reactions of the enzymes are coordinated so that the rate of synthesis of the intermediate matches its rate of utilization. The linkage between the ATC and DHO subunits was demonstrated by showing that the binding of the bisubstrate analog, N-phosphonacetyl-L-aspartate to the ATC subunit inhibits the activity of the distal DHO subunit. Structural studies identified a DHO loop, loop A, interdigitating between the ATC domains that would be expected to interfere with domain closure essential for ATC catalysis. Mutation of the DHO residues in loop A that penetrate deeply between the two ATC domains inhibits the ATC activity by interfering with the normal reciprocal linkage between the two enzymes. Moreover, a synthetic peptide that mimics that part of themore » DHO loop that binds between the two ATC domains was found to be an allosteric or noncompletive ATC inhibitor (Ki = 22 μM). A model is proposed suggesting that loop A is an important component of the functional linkage between the enzymes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [5] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti Michigan 48197; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit Michigan 48201
  2. Department of Chemistry, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti Michigan 48197
  3. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit Michigan 48201
  4. Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit Michigan 48202
  5. Life Sciences Collaborative Access Team, Northwestern University, Center for Synchrotron Research, Argonne Illinois 60439
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1120971
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Protein Science; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 1
Publisher:
The Protein Society
Research Org:
Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org:
NSFDOE - BASIC ENERGY SCIENCESNIHOTHER U.S. STATES
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH