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Title: Numerical Study on Crossflow Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger for Advanced Small Modular Reactors

Various fluids such as water, gases (helium), molten salts (FLiNaK, FLiBe) and liquid metal (sodium) are used as a coolant of advanced small modular reactors (SMRs). The printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE) has been adopted as the intermediate and/or secondary heat exchanger of SMR systems because this heat exchanger is compact and effective. The size and cost of PCHE can be changed by the coolant type of each SMR. In this study, the crossflow PCHE analysis code for advanced small modular reactor has been developed for the thermal design and cost estimation of the heat exchanger. The analytical solution of single pass, both unmixed fluids crossflow heat exchanger model was employed to calculate a two dimensional temperature profile of a crossflow PCHE. The analytical solution of crossflow heat exchanger was simply implemented by using built in function of the MATLAB program. The effect of fluid property uncertainty on the calculation results was evaluated. In addition, the effect of heat transfer correlations on the calculated temperature profile was analyzed by taking into account possible combinations of primary and secondary coolants in the SMR systems. Size and cost of heat exchanger were evaluated for the given temperature requirement of each SMR.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9310; TRN: US1400355
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer; Journal Volume: 70
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING advanced smr; analytical model; crossflow; pche; thermal design; COST ESTIMATION; HEAT EXCHANGERS