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Title: Active Power Controls from Wind Power: Bridging the Gaps

This paper details a comprehensive study undertaken by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Electric Power Research Institute, and the University of Colorado to understand how the contribution of wind power providing active power control (APC) can benefit the total power system economics, increase revenue streams, improve the reliability and security of the power system, and provide superior and efficient response while reducing any structural and loading impacts that may reduce the life of the wind turbine or its components. The study includes power system simulations, control simulations, and actual field tests using turbines at NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The study focuses on synthetic inertial control, primary frequency control, and automatic generation control, and analyzes timeframes ranging from milliseconds to minutes to the lifetime of wind turbines, locational scope ranging from components of turbines to large wind plants to entire synchronous interconnections, and additional topics ranging from economics to power system engineering to control design.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Electric Power Research Inst. (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1117060
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP--5D00-60574
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY ACTIVE POWER CONTROL; SYNTHETIC INERTIAL CONTROL; PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL; AUTOMATIC GENERATION CONTROL; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; NREL; NATIONAL WIND TECHNOLOGY CENTER; NWTC; Wind Energy