System Advisor Model: Flat Plate Photovoltaic Performance Modeling Validation Report
The System Advisor Model (SAM) is a free software tool that performs detailed analysis of both system performance and system financing for a variety of renewable energy technologies. This report provides detailed validation of the SAM flat plate photovoltaic performance model by comparing SAM-modeled PV system generation data to actual measured production data for nine PV systems ranging from 75 kW to greater than 25 MW in size. The results show strong agreement between SAM predictions and field data, with annualized prediction error below 3% for all fixed tilt cases and below 8% for all one axis tracked cases. The analysis concludes that snow cover and system outages are the primary sources of disagreement, and other deviations resulting from seasonal biases in the irradiation models and one axis tracking issues are discussed in detail.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 14 SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM ADVISOR MODEL; SAM; SOLAR; PERFORMANCE MODEL; PV MODEL; VALIDATION; ERROR; UNCERTAINTY; COMPARISON; MEASURED DATA; BANKABILITY; PHOTOVOLTAICS; DESOTO; FIRST SOLAR; SUNEDISON; SUNPOWER; Energy Analysis; Solar Energy - Photovoltaics
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