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Title: Revealing Occupancy Patterns in an Office Building through the Use of Occupancy Sensor Data

Energy simulation programs like DOE-2 and EnergyPlus are tools that have been proven to aid with energy calculations to predict energy use in buildings. Some inputs to energy simulation models are relatively easy to find, including building size, orientation, construction materials, and HVAC system size and type. Others vary with time (e.g. weather and occupancy) and some can be a challenge to estimate in order to create an accurate simulation. In this paper, the analysis of occupancy sensor data for a large commercial, multi-tenant office building is presented. It details occupancy diversity factors for private offices and summarizes the same for open offices, hallways, conference rooms, break rooms, and restrooms in order to better inform energy simulation parameters. Long-term data were collected allowing results to be presented to show variations of occupancy diversity factors in private offices for time of day, day of the week, holidays, and month of the year. The diversity factors presented differ as much as 46% from those currently published in ASHRAE 90.1 2004 energy cost method guidelines, a document referenced by energy modelers regarding occupancy diversity factors for simulations. This may result in misleading simulation results and may introduce inefficiencies in the final equipment andmore » systems design.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7788
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Energy and Buildings; Journal Volume: 67
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; energy, buildings, occupancy