skip to main content

Title: Optimizing electrical poling for tetragonal, lead-free BZT-BCT piezoceramic alloys

The piezoelectric properties of tetragonal BZT–BCT materials have been shown to be improved by using the field cooling poling method. It is shown that the piezoelectric coefficient of tetragonal BZT–BCT materials increases with higher poling temperature, and the optimum poling temperature lies near the Curie temperatures for a broad range of compositions. It is also observed from in situ X-ray diffraction measurements with an applied electric field that the magnitude of domain alignment is enhanced with electrical poling at higher electric fields, whereas the remnant ferroelastic domain texture is not affected. Furthermore, these results show a direct correlation between the development of internal bias field, which is induced by the accumulation of defect charge carriers, and the enhanced piezoelectric coefficient. These observations suggest an important role played by the alignment of defect charge carriers in achieving optimum piezoelectric coefficient in lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. IIT
  2. (
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the European Ceramic Society; Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 15-16
Research Org:
Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States