Nanofluid Technology: Current Status and Future Research
Downscaling or miniaturization has been a recent major trend in modern science and technology. Engineers now fabricate microscale devices such as microchannel heat exchangers, and micropumps that are the size of dust specks. Further major advances would be obtained if the coolant flowing in the microchannels were to contain nanoscale particles to enhance heat transfer. Nanofluid technology will thus be an emerging and exciting technology of the 21st century. This paper gives a brief history of the Advanced Fluids Program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), discusses the concept of nanofluids, and provides an overview of the R&D program at ANL on the production, property characterization, and performance of nanofluids. It also describes examples of potential applications and benefits of nanofluids. Finally, future research on the fundamentals and applications of nanofluids is addressed.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
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- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Korea-U.S. Technical Conference on Strategic Technologies, Vienna, VA (United States), 22-24 Oct 1998
- Research Org:
- Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; MICROELECTRONICS; COOLANTS; HEAT EXCHANGERS; MINIATURIZATION; PERFORMANCE; PUMPS; HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS; PARTICULATES; PARTICLE SIZE; FABRICATION; RESEARCH PROGRAMS
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