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Title: Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions

In the U.S., a number of utilities are adopting higher penetrations of renewables, driven in part by state policies. While power systems have been designed to handle the variable nature of loads, the additional supply-side variability and uncertainty can pose new challenges for utilities and system operators. However, a variety of operational and technical solutions exist to help integrate higher penetrations of wind and solar generation. This paper explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the U.S. and internationally, including forecasting, demand response, flexible generation, larger balancing areas or balancing area cooperation, and operational practices such as fast scheduling and dispatch.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1097911
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-60451
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Wind Power Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION VARIABLE GENERATION; RENEWABLES; INTEGRATION; TRANSMISSION; FORECASTING; DEMAND RESPONSE; FLEXIBLE GENERATION; DISPATCH; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; NREL; Energy Analysis