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Title: Reversible Hydrogen Storage in a LiBH 4 –C 60 Nanocomposite

Reversible hydrogen storage in a LiBH 4:C 60 nanocomposite (70:30 wt. %) synthesized by solvent-assisted mixing has been demonstrated. During the solvent-assisted mixing and nanocomposite formation, a chemical reaction occurs in which the C 60 cages are significantly modified by polymerization as well as by hydrogenation (fullerane formation) in the presence of LiBH{sub 4}. We have determined that two distinct hydrogen desorption events are observed upon rehydrogenation of the material, which are attributed to the reversible formation of a fullerane (C 60H x) as well as a LiBH4 species. This system is unique in that the carbon species (C 60) actively participates in the hydrogen storage process which differs from the common practice of melt infiltration of high surface area carbon materials with LiBH 4 (nanoconfinment effect). This nanocomposite demonstrated good reversible hydrogen storage properties as well as the ability to absorb hydrogen under mild conditions (pressures as low as 10 bar H 2 or temperatures as low as 150°C). The nanocomposite was characterized by TGA-RGA, DSC, XRD, LDI-TOF-MS, FTIR, 1H NMR, and APPI MS.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 44
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
08 HYDROGEN; Hydrogen storage; fullerene; LiBH4; nanocomposite; fullerane