skip to main content

Title: The role of nanopores on U(VI) sorption and redox behavior in U(VI)-contaminated subsurface sediments

Most reactive surfaces in clay-dominated sediments are present within nanopores (pores of nm dimension). The behavior of geological fluids and minerals in nanopores is significantly different from those in normal non-nanoporous environments. The effect of nanopore surfaces on U(VI) sorption/desorption and reduction is likely to be significant in clay-rich subsurface environments. Our research results from both model nanopore system and natural sediments from both model system (synthetic nanopore alumina) and sediments from the ORNL Field Research Center prove that U(VI) sorption on nanopore surfaces can be greatly enhanced by nanopore confinement environments. The results from the project provide advanced mechanistic, quantitative information on the physiochemical controls on uranium sorption and redox behavior in subsurface sediments. The influence of nanopore surfaces on coupled uranium sorption/desorption and reduction processes is significant in virtually all subsurface environments, because most reactive surfaces are in fact nanopore surfaces. The results will enhance transfer of our laboratory-based research to a major field research initiative where reductive uranium immobilization is being investigated. Our results will also provide the basic science for developing in-situ colloidal barrier of nanoporous alumina in support of environmental remediation and long term stewardship of DOE sites.
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Board of Regents, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; USDOE SC Office of Biological and Environmental Research (SC-23)
Contributing Orgs:
University of Wisconsin ? Madison Argonne National Laboratory
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES nanopore, uranium, goethite, sorption, alumina, transport, subsurface, redox reaction, iron oxides, iron hydroxides, goethite, ferrihydrite