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Title: Stable platinum nanoparticles on specific MgAl2O4 spinel facets at high temperatures in oxidizing atmospheres

The development of thermally stable, nanometer-sized precious metal-based catalysts remains a daunting challenge. Such materials, especially those based on the use of costly platinum metal, are essential and, to date, non-replaceable for a large number of industrially important catalytic processes. Here we report a well-defined cuboctahedral MgAl2O4 spinel support material that is capable of stabilizing platinum particles in the range of 1–3 nm on its relatively abundant {111} facets during extremely severe aging at 800 °C in air for 1 week. The aged catalysts retain platinum dispersions of 15.9% with catalytic activities for methanol oxidation being ~80% of that of fresh ones, whereas a conventional Pt/γ-Al2O3 catalyst is severely sintered and nearly inactive. Finally, we reveal the origin of the markedly superior ability of spinel {111} facets, resulting from strong interactions between spinel surface oxygens and epitaxial platinum {111} facets, inspiring the rational design of anti-sintering supported platinum group catalysts.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1095413
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-92040
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 47582; KC0302010
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nature Communications; Journal Volume: 4
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Pt nanoparticles; MgAl2O4 spinel; thermal stability; anti-sintering; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory