Synthesis of Metal Oxide Nanomaterials for Chemical Sensors by Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Since the industrial revolution, detection and monitoring of toxic matter, chemical wastes, and air pollutants has become an important environmental issue. Thus, it leads to the development of chemical sensors for various environmental applications. The recent disastrous oil spills over the near-surface of ocean due to the offshore drilling emphasize the use of chemical sensors for prevention and monitoring of the processes that might lead to these mishaps.1, 2 Chemical sensors operated on a simple principle that the sensing platform undergoes a detectable change when exposed to the target substance to be sensed. Among all the types of chemical sensors, solid state gas sensors have attracted a great deal of attention due to their advantages such as high sensitivity, greater selectivity, portability, high stability and low cost.3, 4 Especially, semiconducting metal oxides such as SnO2, TiO2, and WO3 have been widely used as the active sensing platforms in solid state gas sensors.5 For the enhanced properties of solid state gas sensors, finding new sensing materials or development of existing materials will be needed. Thus, nanostructured materials such as nanotubes,6-8 nanowires,9-11 nanorods,12-15 nanobelts,16, 17 and nano-scale thin films18-23 have been synthesized and studied for chemical sensing applications.
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- Related Information: Metal Oxide Nanomaterials for Chemical Sensors: Integrated Analytical Systems, 189-224
- MA Carpenter, S Mathur and A Kolmakov; Springer, New York, NY, United States(US).
- Research Org:
- Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
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- Country of Publication:
- United States
- Synthesis; metal; oxide; nanomaterials; chemical; sensors; molecular; beam; epitaxy