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Title: Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization (CMTFO). Final technical report

The Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization (CMTFO) is a DOE Plasma Science Center formed in late 2009 to focus on the general principles underlying momentum transport in magnetic fusion and astrophysical systems. It is composed of funded researchers from UCSD, UW Madison, U. Colorado, PPPL. As of 2011, UCSD supported postdocs are collaborating at MIT/Columbia and UC Santa Cruz and beginning in 2012, will also be based at PPPL. In the initial startup period, the Center supported the construction of two basic experiments at PPPL and UW Madison to focus on accretion disk hydrodynamic instabilities and solar physics issues. We now have computational efforts underway focused on understanding recent experimental tests of dynamos, solar tachocline physics, intrinsic rotation in tokamak plasmas and L-H transition physics in tokamak devices. In addition, we have the basic experiments discussed above complemented by work on a basic linear plasma device at UCSD and a collaboration at the LAPD located at UCLA. We are also performing experiments on intrinsic rotation and L-H transition physics in the DIII-D, NSTX, C-Mod, HBT EP, HL-2A, and EAST tokamaks in the US and China, and expect to begin collaborations on K-STAR in the coming year. Center fundsmore » provide support to over 10 postdocs and graduate students each year, who work with 8 senior faculty and researchers at their respective institutions. The Center has sponsored a mini-conference at the APS DPP 2010 meeting, and co-sponsored the recent Festival de Theorie (2011) with the CEA in Cadarache, and will co-sponsor a Winter School in January 2012 in collaboration with the CMSO-UW Madison. Center researchers have published over 50 papers in the peer reviewed literature, and given over 10 talks at major international meetings. In addition, the Center co-PI, Professor Patrick Diamond, shared the 2011 Alfven Prize at the EPS meeting. Key scientific results from this startup period include initial simulations of the effects of boundary conditions on turbulent dynamo experiments; simulations of intrinsic rotation showing the strong link between toroidal rotation and temperature gradients and elucidation of the turbulence symmetry breaking mechanisms that lead to this macroscopic behavior; first experiments in a large tokamak testing the roll of turbulent momentum transport in driving intrinsic rotation; experiments in tokamaks showing strong evidence that zonal flows, together with the more widely recognized mean sheared ExB flow, act to trigger the L-H transition in tokamak devices and the first experimental measurement of collisional viscosity in an unmagnetized plasma. In the coming three year period, we will continue these efforts by a combination of basic hydrodynamic, liquid metal and plasma experiments combined with experiments on numerous tokamak devices around the world. In addition, we will use MHD, gyrofluid and gyrokinetic codes combined with theory to address the problems of interest to the Center.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. University of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (United States)
  3. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  4. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
TRN: US1400041
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Univ. of California San Diego, Center for Energy Research, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Contributing Orgs:
, UC Santa Cruz, UW-Madison, U. Colorado Boulder, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Plasma, turbulence, momentum transport, accretion disk, tachocline, tokamak, intrinsic rotation, L-H transition, transport