skip to main content

Title: Synthesis and Photophysical Properties of Soluble Low-Bandgap Thienothiophene Polymers with Various Alkyl Side-Chain Lengths

We report the facile synthesis and characterization of a class of thienothiophene polymers with various lengths of alkyl side chains. A series of 2-alkylthieno[3,4-b]thiophene monomers (Ttx) have been synthesized in a two-step protocol in an overall yield of 28–37%. Poly(2-alkylthieno[3,4-b]thiophenes) (PTtx, alkyl: pentyl, hexyl, heptyl, octyl, and tridecyl) were synthesized by oxidative polymerization with FeCl₃ or via Grignard metathesis (GRIM) polymerization methods. The polymers are readily soluble in common organic solvents. The polymers synthesized by GRIM polymerization method (PTtx-G) have narrower molecular weight distribution (Ð) with lower molecular weight (Mn) than those synthesized by oxidative polymerization (PTtx-O). The band structures of the polymers with various lengths of alkyl side chains were investigated by UV–vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. These low-bandgap polymers are good candidates for organic transistors, organic light-emitting diodes, and organic photovoltaic cells.
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1065915
DOE Contract Number:
SC0001087
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Polym. Sci. A, Polym.Chem.; Journal Volume: 49; Related Information: PHaSE partners with University of Massachusetts, Amherst (lead) and Lowell; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Pennsylvania State University; Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute; University of Pittsburgh
Research Org:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy (PHaSE)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; solar (photovoltaic), charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly)