Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint
The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigates the impacts of high penetrations of wind and solar power into the Western Interconnection of the United States. WWSIS2 builds on the Phase 1 study but with far greater refinement in the level of data inputs and production simulation. It considers the differences between wind and solar power on systems operations. It considers mitigation options to accommodate wind and solar when full costs of wear-and-tear and full impacts of emissions rates are taken into account. It determines wear-and-tear costs and emissions impacts. New data sets were created for WWSIS2, and WWSIS1 data sets were refined to improve realism of plant output and forecasts. Four scenarios were defined for WWSIS2 that examine the differences between wind and solar and penetration level. Transmission was built out to bring resources to load. Statistical analysis was conducted to investigate wind and solar impacts at timescales ranging from seasonal down to 5 minutes.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: To be presented at the 11th Annual International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as Well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants Conference, 13-15 November 2012, Lisbon, Portugal
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Wind Program
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 17 WIND ENERGY; 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; MITIGATION; POWER SYSTEMS; PRODUCTION; SIMULATION; WIND POWER; WIND POWER PLANTS WIND; SOLAR; INTEGRATION; TRANSMISSION; STATISTICAL ANALYSIS; PRODUCTION SIMULATION; WEAR-AND-TEAR; EMISSIONS; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; NREL; Wind Energy; Solar Energy - General
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