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Title: Characterization of Nanoclay Orientation in Polymer Nanocomposite Film by Small-angle X-ray Scattering

The orientation distribution of layer-shaped nanoclays (e.g. organoclays and pristine clays) dispersed in a polymer matrix is an important parameter to control the properties of polymer nanocomposites. In this study, we demonstrate that the use of multi-directional 2-D small-angleX-rayscattering (SAXS) can quantitatively describe the orientation distribution of organoclays (e.g. Cloisite C20A) in melt-pressed nanocompositefilms, containing ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers as polymer matrices. Different weight fractions of organoclays were used to alter the orientation profile of nanocompositefilms, in which the dispersion and morphology of organoclays were also characterized by complementary 2-D and 3-D transmission electron microscopy (TEM). All nanocomposites exhibited mixed intercalation/exfoliation clay morphology, where the intercalated structure possessed partial orientation parallel to the in-plane direction of the film. The higher content of the clay loading showed a higher clay orientation. A simple analytical scheme for SAXS data analysis to determine the orientation parameter (P{sub 2}) was demonstrated, the results of which are in agreement with the gas permeation properties of the nanocompositefilms.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1041988
Report Number(s):
BNL-97666-2012-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0032-3861; POLMAG; TRN: US201212%%399
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Polymer; Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 22
Research Org:
BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY (BNL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE SC OFFICE OF SCIENCE (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACETATES; CLAYS; COPOLYMERS; DATA ANALYSIS; DISTRIBUTION; MATRICES; MORPHOLOGY; ORIENTATION; POLYMERS; SCATTERING; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY