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Title: Proliferation Risks of Magneetic Fusion Energy: Clandestine Production, Covert Production and Breakout

Nuclear proliferation risks from magnetic fusion energy associated with access to weapon-usable materials can be divided into three main categories: (1) clandestine production of weapon-usable material in an undeclared facility, (2) covert production of such material inn a declared facility, and (3) use of a declared facility in a breakout scenario, in which a state begins production of fissile material without concealing the effort. In this paper we address each of these categories of risks from fusion. For each case, we find that the proliferation risk from fusion systems can be much lower than the equivalent risk from fission systems, if the fusion system is designed to accommodate appropriate safeguards.
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1036304
Report Number(s):
PPPL-4745
TRN: US1201388
DOE Contract Number:
DE-ACO2-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; FISSILE MATERIALS; FISSION; PRODUCTION; PROLIFERATION; SAFEGUARDS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS