skip to main content

Title: A Greenhouse-Gas Information System: Monitoring and Validating Emissions Reporting and Mitigation

This study and report focus on attributes of a greenhouse-gas information system (GHGIS) needed to support MRV&V needs. These needs set the function of such a system apart from scientific/research monitoring of GHGs and carbon-cycle systems, and include (not exclusively): the need for a GHGIS that is operational, as required for decision-support; the need for a system that meets specifications derived from imposed requirements; the need for rigorous calibration, verification, and validation (CV&V) standards, processes, and records for all measurement and modeling/data-inversion data; the need to develop and adopt an uncertainty-quantification (UQ) regimen for all measurement and modeling data; and the requirement that GHGIS products can be subjected to third-party questioning and scientific scrutiny. This report examines and assesses presently available capabilities that could contribute to a future GHGIS. These capabilities include sensors and measurement technologies; data analysis and data uncertainty quantification (UQ) practices and methods; and model-based data-inversion practices, methods, and their associated UQ. The report further examines the need for traceable calibration, verification, and validation processes and attached metadata; differences between present science-/research-oriented needs and those that would be required for an operational GHGIS; the development, operation, and maintenance of a GHGIS missions-operations center (GMOC); and the complexmore » systems engineering and integration that would be required to develop, operate, and evolve a future GHGIS.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory
  2. JPL/CAL Tech
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  4. Sandia National Laboratory
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1033495
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-11-05512; LA-UR-11-5512
TRN: US201202%%900
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
LANL (Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; CALIBRATION; CARBON CYCLE; DATA ANALYSIS; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; MAINTENANCE; MITIGATION; MONITORING; SENSORS; SIMULATION; SPECIFICATIONS; VALIDATION; VERIFICATION