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Title: Study of plutonium disposition using existing GE advanced Boiling Water Reactors

The end of the cold war and the resulting dismantlement of nuclear weapons has resulted in the need for the US to dispose of 50 to 100 metric tons of excess of plutonium in a safe and proliferation resistant manner. A number of studies, including the recently released National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study, have recommended conversion of plutonium into spent nuclear fuel with its high radiation barrier as the best means of providing permanent conversion and long-term diversion resistance to this material. The NAS study ``Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium identified Light Water Reactor spent fuel as the most readily achievable and proven form for the disposition of excess weapons plutonium. The study also stressed the need for a US disposition program which would enhance the prospects for a timely reciprocal program agreement with Russia. This summary provides the key findings of a GE study where plutonium is converted into Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel and a typical 1155 MWe GE Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) is utilized to convert the plutonium to spent fuel. A companion study of the Advanced BWR has recently been submitted. The MOX core design work that was conducted for the ABWR enabled GEmore » to apply comparable fuel design concepts and consequently achieve full MOX core loading which optimize plutonium throughput for existing BWRs.« less
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10157649
Report Number(s):
NEDO--32361
ON: DE94013217; BR: AF1210000; TRN: 94:011126
DOE Contract Number:
AC03-93SF19681
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 1994
Research Org:
General Electric Co., San Jose, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; BWR TYPE REACTORS; NUCLEAR FUELS; PLUTONIUM; NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT; MIXED OXIDE FUELS; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; PROLIFERATION; REACTOR FUELING 210100; 055000; 350200; POWER REACTORS, NONBREEDING, LIGHT-WATER MODERATED, BOILING WATER COOLED; SAFEGUARDS, INSPECTION, AND ACCOUNTABILITY; PROLIFERATION