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Title: Comparison of passive-remote and conventional Fourier transform infrared systems for continuously monitoring incinerator emissions

Significant improvements in detection technology are needed to comply with the requirements in the Clean Air Act of 1990, Title 3, which requires the monitoring of air toxics. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy can satisfy these requirements in two different modes. Conventional FTIR spectrometers can be installed on-stream so that a vapor stream enters an infrared cell for analysis. Other types of FTIR spectrometers can detect chemical plumes remotely, measure the natural emissions of the molecules in the plume. The samples do not come to the instrument, and the instrument has neither source nor reflector mirrors. We will discuss the applications of FTIR spectrometry for both conventional and passive-remote FTIR spectroscopy. Some applications of conventional FTIR include a continuous emission monitor for measuring incinerator emissions and determining indoor air quality. Passive-remote FTIR spectroscopy can be used to identify and track a chemical plume. It can also be used to detect fugitive emissions. Hence, it can be used as an independent means to assure compliance with environmental regulations in real-time. Because of the relatively simple instrumentation, passive-remote instruments can be helicopter- or vehicle-mounted for mobile detection of plumes.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
  2. Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10156182
Report Number(s):
ANL/CP--74716; CONF-920527--7
ON: DE92015225
DOE Contract Number:
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1992 incineration conference,Albuquerque, NM (United States),11-15 May 1992; Other Information: PBD: [1992]
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States);Department of Defense, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; INCINERATORS; EMISSION; EXHAUST GASES; MONITORING; PLUMES; DETECTION; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; INTERMEDIATE INFRARED RADIATION; REMOTE SENSING; METHANE; TOLUENE; BENZENE 440800; 540120; 400102; MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTATION; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT; CHEMICAL AND SPECTRAL PROCEDURES