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Title: EERC pilot-scale CFBC evaluation facility Project CFB test results. Topical report, Task 7.30

Project CFB was initiated at the University of North Dakota Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) in May 1988. Specific goals of the project were to (1) construct a circulating fluidized-bed combustor (CFBC) facility representative of the major boiler vendors` designs with the capability of producing scalable data, (2) develop a database for use in making future evaluations of CFBC technology, and (3) provide a facility for evaluating fuels, free of vendor bias for use in the - energy industry. Five coals were test-burned in the 1-MWth unit: North Dakota and Asian lignites, a Wyoming subbituminous, and Colorado and Pennsylvania bituminous coats. A total of 54 steady-state test periods were conducted, with the key test parameters being the average combustor temperature, excess air, superficial gas velocity, calcium-to-sulfur molar ratio, and the primary air-to-secondary air split. The capture for a coal fired in a CFBC is primarily dependent upon the total alkali-to-sulfur ratio. The required alkali-to ratio for 90% sulfur retention ranged from 1.4 to 4.9, depending upon coal type. While an alkali-to-ratio of 4.9 was required to meet 90% sulfur retention for the Salt Creek coal versus 1.4 for the Asian lignite, the total amount of sorbent addition required ismore » much less for the Salt Creek coal, 4.2 pound sorbent per million Btu coal input, versus 62 pound/million Btu for the Asian lignite. The bituminous coals tested show optimal capture at combustor temperatures of approximately 1550{degree}F, with low-rank coals having optimal sulfur capture approximately 100{degree}F lower.« less
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10149221
Report Number(s):
DOE/MC/10637--3313
ON: DE93000253
DOE Contract Number:
FC21-86MC10637
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1992
Research Org:
North Dakota Univ., Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTORS; CIRCULATING SYSTEMS; PERFORMANCE TESTING; DATA BASE MANAGEMENT; NUMERICAL DATA; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; NITROGEN OXIDES; NITROGEN DIOXIDE; SULFUR; RETENTION; CYCLONE SEPARATORS; LIGNITE; SUBBITUMINOUS COAL 014000; COMBUSTION