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Title: Human-system Interfaces for Automatic Systems

Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration. In addition, our study identified several topics for additional research.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. (BNL)
  2. (NRC)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1013503
Report Number(s):
BNL--93950-2010-CP
R&D Project: 15351; Y6529; 401001060; TRN: US1102493
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Seventh American Nuclear Society International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control and Human-Machine Interfaced Technologies (NPIC&HMIT 2010); Las Vegas, NV; 20101107 through 20101111
Research Org:
BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY (BNL)
Sponsoring Org:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission/Non-Nureg
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; AUTOMATION; DESIGN; DETECTION; DIMENSIONS; FLEXIBILITY; IMPLEMENTATION; MANAGEMENT; MONITORING; PERFORMANCE; PERSONNEL; PLANNING; POWER PLANTS; RECOMMENDATIONS; RELIABILITY; SAFETY; TOLERANCE human factors engineering; human-system interfaces; automation; nuclear power plants