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Title: Guidance for Human-system Interfaces to Automatic Systems

Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions, including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: Levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: Automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1013496
Report Number(s):
BNL--93751-2010-CP
R&D Project: 15442; N-6765; 401001060; TRN: US1102491
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 54th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society; San Francisco, CA; 20100927 through 20101001
Research Org:
BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY (BNL)
Sponsoring Org:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission/Non-Nureg
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; AUTOMATION; DESIGN; DETECTION; DIMENSIONS; FLEXIBILITY; HUMAN FACTORS; HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING; IMPLEMENTATION; MANAGEMENT; MONITORING; PERFORMANCE; PERSONNEL; PLANNING; POWER PLANTS; RELIABILITY; SAFETY; TOLERANCE human factors engineering; human-system interfaces; instrumentation and coltrol; degraded conditions; operator performance