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Title: Assessment of strontium in the Savannah River Site environment

This document on strontium is published as a part of the Radiological Assessment Program (RAP). It is the sixth in a series of eight documents on individual radioisotopes released to the environment as a result of SRS (Savannah River Site) operations. Strontium exists in the environment as a result of above-ground nuclear weapons tests, the Chernobyl accident, the destruction of satellite Cosmos 954, small releases from reactors and reprocessing plants, and the operation of industrial, medical, and educational facilities. Strontium has been produced at SRS during the operation of 5 production reactors. About 300 curies of radiostrontium were released into streams in the late 50s and 60s, primarily from leaking fuel elements in reactor storage basins. Smaller quantities were released from the fuel reprocessing operations. About 400 Ci were released to seepage basins. A much smaller quantity, about 2 Ci, was released to the atmosphere. The overall radiological impact of SRS releases on the offsite maximum individual can be characterized by total doses of 6.2 mrem (atmospheric) and 1.4 mrem (liquid), compared with a dose of 12,960 mrem from non-SRS sources during the same period of time. Radiostrontium releases have resulted in a negligible risk to the environment and themore » population it supports.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10114315
Report Number(s):
WSRC-RP--92-984
ON: DE94005139; TRN: 94:002119
DOE Contract Number:
AC09-89SR18035
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: [1992]
Research Org:
Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; STRONTIUM ISOTOPES; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; RADIATION HAZARDS; RISK ASSESSMENT; RADIATION DOSES; FUEL ELEMENTS; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; PRODUCTION REACTORS; REPROCESSING; MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE DOSE; FISSION PRODUCT RELEASE; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; PUBLIC HEALTH; HEALTH HAZARDS 054000; 053000; 052000; HEALTH AND SAFETY; ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS; WASTE MANAGEMENT