skip to main content

Title: Toxicity evaluation and hazard review Cold Smoke

Cold Smoke is a dense white smoke produced by the reaction of titanium tetrachloride and aqueous ammonia aerosols. Early studies on the toxicity of this nonpyrotechnically generated smoke indicated that the smoke itself is essentially non-toxic (i.e. exhibits to systemic toxicity or organ damage due to exposure) under normal deployment conditions. The purpose of this evaluation was to review and summarize the recent literature data available on the toxicity of Cold Smoke, its chemical constituents, and its starting materials.
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
10113369
Report Number(s):
SAND--93-2148
ON: DE94005074; BR: GB0103012
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1993
Research Org:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; TITANIUM OXIDES; TOXICITY; AMMONIUM CHLORIDES; TITANIUM CHLORIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; AMMONIUM HYDROXIDES; AEROSOLS; HEALTH HAZARDS; INHALATION; SKIN; SMOKES; MILITARY PERSONNEL 560300; CHEMICALS METABOLISM AND TOXICOLOGY