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Title: A COMPARISON OF HANFORD AND SAVANNAH RIVER SITE HIGH-LEVEL WASTES

This study is a simple comparison of high-level waste from plutonium production stored in tanks at the Hanford and Savannah River sites. Savannah River principally used the PUREX process for plutonium separation. Hanford used the PUREX, Bismuth Phosphate, and REDOX processes, and reprocessed many wastes for recovery of uranium and fission products. Thus, Hanford has 55 distinct waste types, only 17 of which could be at Savannah River. While Hanford and Savannah River wastes both have high concentrations of sodium nitrate, caustic, iron, and aluminum, Hanford wastes have higher concentrations of several key constituents. The factors by which average concentrations are higher in Hanford salt waste than in Savannah River waste are 67 for {sup 241}Am, 4 for aluminum, 18 for chromium, 10 for fluoride, 8 for phosphate, 6 for potassium, and 2 for sulfate. The factors by which average concentrations are higher in Hanford sludges than in Savannah River sludges are 3 for chromium, 19 for fluoride, 67 for phosphate, and 6 for zirconium. Waste composition differences must be considered before a waste processing method is selected: A method may be applicable to one site but not to the other.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1010354
Report Number(s):
WRPS-49044-FP Rev 0
TRN: US1101593
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC27-08RV14800
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: INTERNATIONAL HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WM CONFERENCE (ANS) 04/10/2011 ALBUQUERQUE NM
Research Org:
Hanford Site (HNF), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management (EM)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; ALUMINIUM; BISMUTH PHOSPHATES; CHROMIUM; FISSION PRODUCTS; IRON; PLUTONIUM; POTASSIUM; PRODUCTION; PUREX PROCESS; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; SLUDGES; SODIUM NITRATES; TANKS; URANIUM; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; ZIRCONIUM