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Title: Pressure drop, heat transfer, critical heat flux, and flow stability of two-phase flow boiling of water and ethylene glycol/water mixtures - final report for project "Efficent cooling in engines with nucleate boiling."

Because of its order-of-magnitude higher heat transfer rates, there is interest in using controllable two-phase nucleate boiling instead of conventional single-phase forced convection in vehicular cooling systems to remove ever increasing heat loads and to eliminate potential hot spots in engines. However, the fundamental understanding of flow boiling mechanisms of a 50/50 ethylene glycol/water mixture under engineering application conditions is still limited. In addition, it is impractical to precisely maintain the volume concentration ratio of the ethylene glycol/water mixture coolant at 50/50. Therefore, any investigation into engine coolant characteristics should include a range of volume concentration ratios around the nominal 50/50 mark. In this study, the forced convective boiling heat transfer of distilled water and ethylene glycol/water mixtures with volume concentration ratios of 40/60, 50/50, and 60/40 in a 2.98-mm-inner-diameter circular tube has been investigated in both the horizontal flow and the vertical flow. The two-phase pressure drop, the forced convective boiling heat transfer coefficient, and the critical heat flux of the test fluids were determined experimentally over a range of the mass flux, the vapor mass quality, and the inlet subcooling through a new boiling data reduction procedure that allowed the analytical calculation of the fluid boiling temperatures alongmore » the experimental test section by applying the ideal mixture assumption and the equilibrium assumption along with Raoult's law. Based on the experimental data, predictive methods for the two-phase pressure drop, the forced convective boiling heat transfer coefficient, and the critical heat flux under engine application conditions were developed. The results summarized in this final project report provide the necessary information for designing and implementing nucleate-boiling vehicular cooling systems.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. (Energy Systems)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1009796
Report Number(s):
ANL-10/39
TRN: US201107%%8
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Sponsoring Org:
EE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; VEHICLES; ENGINES; COOLING SYSTEMS; NUCLEATE BOILING; MIXTURES; WATER; GLYCOLS; TWO-PHASE FLOW; HEAT TRANSFER; PRESSURE DROP; CRITICAL HEAT FLUX; FORCED CONVECTION