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Title: Dynamic Compression of Hydrogen and Other Small Molecular Fluids at High Pressures

Dynamic compression of molecular fluids using both single-shock (Hugoniot) and multiple-shock compression achieves pressures which range up to several Mbar (100 GPa), compressions up to ten-fold of ammore »bient liquid density, and temperatures up to several 1000 K in degenerate condensed matter. For several diatomic fluids, nonmetal-metal transitions determined by electrical conductivity measurements at densities achieved by multiple-shock compression and pressure-volume Hugoniot curves each have universal systematic behaviors. The extreme conditions are achieved for ~ 100 ns using a two-stage light-gas gun, which accelerates a 20-g projectile to kinetic energies as high as 0.5 MJ. The systematics will be discussed, including the nonmetal-metal transition in fluid hydrogen at 1.4 Mbar and 10-fold compression and the controversial issue of the pressure-volume Hugoniot curve of deuterium near 100 GPa and 4-fold compression.« less
Title: Dynamic Compression of Hydrogen and Other Small Molecular Fluids at High Pressures
Authors:
Publication Date: 2009-05-29
OSTI Identifier: 987328
DOE Contract Number: AC02-07CH11359
Other Number(s): Other: Dynamic Compression of Hydrogen and Other Small Molecular Fluids at High Pressures
Resource Type: Multimedia
Specific Type: Multimedia Presentation
Resource Relation: Conference: Fermilab Colloquia, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batvia, Illinois (United States), presented on May 29, 2002
Research Org: FNAL (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States))
Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Subject: 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
Publisher: Fermilab Colloquia Online: 2000 to the Present Videos of Science Lecture and Presentations from the Colloquium Program at Fermi National Laboratory
Country of Publication: United States
Language: English
Run Time: 1:14:28
System Entry Date: 2018-01-24