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Title: Quantum Criticality and Black Holes

I will describe the behavior of a variety of condensed matter systems in the vicinity of zero temperature quantum phase transitions. There is a remarkable analogy between the hydrodynamics of such sysmore »tems and the quantum theory of black holes. I will show how insights from this analogy have shed light on recent experiments on the cuprate high temperature superconductors. Studies of new materials and trapped ultracold atoms are yielding new quantum phases, with novel forms of quantum entanglement. Some materials are of technological importance: e.g. high temperature superconductors. Exact solutions via black hole mapping have yielded first exact results for transport coefficients in interacting many-body systems, and were valuable in determining general structure of hydrodynamics. Theory of VBS order and Nernst effect in cuprates. Tabletop 'laboratories for the entire universe': quantum mechanics of black holes, quark-gluon plasma, neutrons stars, and big-bang physics.« less
Title: Quantum Criticality and Black Holes
Authors:
Publication Date: 2007-08-22
OSTI Identifier: 987223
DOE Contract Number: AC02-07CH11359
Other Number(s): Other: 070822Sachdev1
Resource Type: Multimedia
Specific Type: Multimedia Presentation
Resource Relation: Conference: Fermilab Colloquia, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batvia, Illinois (United States), presented on August 22, 2007
Research Org: FNAL (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States))
Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Subject: 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS ; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
Publisher: FERMI
Country of Publication: United States
Language: English
Run Time: 1:03:06
System Entry Date: 2016-01-27