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Author ORCID ID is 000000033073311X
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  1. Here, mesoporous Co/CeO 2 catalysts were found to exhibit significant activity for the high-temperature water-gas shift (WGS) reaction with cobalt loadings as low as 1 wt %. The catalysts feature a uniform dispersion of cobalt within the CeO 2 fluorite type lattice with no evidence of discrete cobalt phase segregation. In situ XANES and ambient pressure XPS experiments were used to elucidate the active state of the catalysts as partially reduced cerium oxide doped with oxidized cobalt atoms. In situ XRD and DRIFTS experiments suggest facile cerium reduction and oxygen vacancy formation, particularly with lower cobalt loadings. In situ DRIFTSmore » analysis also revealed the presence of surface carbonate and bidentate formate species under reaction conditions, which may be associated with additional mechanistic pathways for the WGS reaction. Deactivation behavior was observed with higher cobalt loadings. XANES data suggest the formation of small metallic cobalt clusters at temperatures above 400 °C may be responsible. Notably, this deactivation was not observed for the 1% cobalt loaded catalyst, which exhibited the highest activity per unit of cobalt.« less
  2. Cobalt doped mesoporous manganese oxide: an excellent oxidative catalyst (for producing asymmetric imines with >98% selectivity) with significant reductive properties.
  3. Scalable and cost-effective synthesis and assembly of technologically important nanostructures in three-dimensional (3D) substrates hold keys to bridge the demonstrated nanotechnologies in academia with industrially relevant scalable manufacturing. In this paper, using ZnO nanorod arrays as an example, a hydrothermal-based continuous flow synthesis (CFS) method is successfully used to integrate the nano-arrays in multi-channeled monolithic cordierite. Compared to the batch process, CFS enhances the average growth rate of nano-arrays by 125%, with the average length increasing from 2 μm to 4.5 μm within the same growth time of 4 hours. The precursor utilization efficiency of CFS is enhanced by 9more » times compared to that of batch process by preserving the majority of precursors in recyclable solution. Computational fluid dynamic simulation suggests a steady-state solution flow and mass transport inside the channels of honeycomb substrates, giving rise to steady and consecutive growth of ZnO nano-arrays with an average length of 10 μm in 12 h. The monolithic ZnO nano-array-integrated cordierite obtained through CFS shows enhanced low-temperature (200 °C) desulfurization capacity and recyclability in comparison to ZnO powder wash-coated cordierite. This can be attributed to exposed ZnO {101¯0} planes, better dispersion and stronger interactions between sorbent and reactant in the ZnO nanorod arrays, as well as the sintering-resistance of nano-array configurations during sulfidation–regeneration cycles. Finally, with the demonstrated scalable synthesis and desulfurization performance of ZnO nano-arrays, a promising, industrially relevant integration strategy is provided to fabricate metal oxide nano-array-based monolithic devices for various environmental and energy applications.« less
  4. We synthesized, characterized and tested Cu supported mesoporous CeO 2catalyst for the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction.
  5. In this work, mesoporous aluminas (MAs) with uniform and monomodal pores were fabricated via a modified inverse micelle synthesis method, using a non-polar solvent (to minimize the effect of water content) and short reaction time (for a fast evaporation process). The effects of reaction times (4–8 h), surfactant chain lengths (non-ionic surfactants), and calcination temperatures and hold times (450–600 °C; 1–4 h) on the textural properties of MA were studied. Additionally, the targeted pore sizes of MA were obtained in the range of 3.1–5.4 nm by adjusting the surfactant and reaction time. The surface area and pore volume were controlledmore » by the calcination temperature and hold time while maintaining the thermal stability of the materials. The tuned MA of the large mesopore volume achieved 168 mg/g octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4 siloxane) adsorption capacity, a 32% improvement compared to commercially activated alumina. Finally, after three adsorption recycles, the synthesized MA still maintained approximate 85% of its original adsorption capacity, demonstrating a sustainable adsorption performance and high potential for related industrial applications.« less
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