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Author ORCID ID is 0000000316781836
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  1. Increasing fracture toughness and modifying the ductile-brittle transition temperature of a tungsten-alloy relative to pure tungsten has been shown to be feasible by ductile-phase toughening (DPT) of tungsten for future plasma-facing materials for fusion energy. In DPT, a ductile phase is included in a brittle tungsten matrix to increase the overall work of fracture for the material. This research models the deformation behavior of DPT tungsten materials, such as tungsten-copper composites, using a multiscale modeling approach that involves a microstructural dual-phase (copper-tungsten) region of interest where the constituent phases are finely discretized and are described by a continuum damage mechanicsmore » model. Large deformation, damage, and fracture are allowed to occur and are modeled in a region that is connected to adjacent homogenized elastic regions to form a macroscopic structure, such as a test specimen. The present paper illustrates this multiscale modeling approach to analyze unnotched and single-edge notched (SENB) tungsten-copper composite specimens subjected to three-point bending. The predicted load-displacement responses and crack propagation patterns are compared to the corresponding experimental results to validate the model. Furthermore, such models may help design future DPT composite configurations for fusion materials, including volume fractions of ductile phase and microstructural optimization.« less
  2. Here, the effect of sub-eutectoid heat treatment on the phase transformation behavior in rolled U-10 wt.% Mo (U10Mo) foils was systematically investigated. The as-cast 5 mm thick foils were initially homogenized at 900 °C for 48 h and were hot rolled to 2 mm and later cold rolled down to 0.2 mm. Three starting microstructures were evaluated: (i) hot + cold-rolled to 0.2 mm (as-rolled condition), (ii) hot + cold-rolled to 0.2 mm + annealed at 700 °C for 1 h, and (iii) hot + cold-rolled to 0.2 mm + annealed at 1000 °C for 60 h. Annealing of as-rolledmore » materials at 700 °C resulted in small grain size (15 ± 9 μm average grain size), while annealing at 1000 °C led to very large grains (156 ± 118 μm average grain size) in rolled U10Mo foils. Later the samples were subjected to sub-eutectoid heat-treatment temperatures of 550 °C, 500 °C, and 400 °C for different durations of time starting from 1 h up to 100 h. U10Mo rolled foils went through various degrees of decomposition when subjected to the sub-eutectoid heat-treatment step and formed a lamellar microstructure through a cellular reaction mostly along the previous γ-UMo grain boundaries. The least amount of cellular reaction was observed in the large-grain microstructure at all temperatures. Conversely, a substantial amount of cellular reaction was observed in both the as-rolled and the small-grain microstructure. After 100 h of heat treatment at 500 °C, the volume fraction of the lamellar phase was found to be 4%, 22%, and 82% in large-grain, as-rolled, and small-grain samples, respectively.« less

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