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  1. Zinc adsorption and interfacial hydration on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) surfaces in contact with aqueous zinc solutions at room temperature and neutral pH have been probed, with combined specular high-resolution X-ray reflectivity and element-specific (Zn) resonant anomalous X-ray reflectivity techniques. The total and partial zinc-Specific electron density profiles in the surface normal direction show the detailed interfacial hydration structures with zinc adsorption: Strongly depending on its crystallographic orientations, the YSZ (110) surface adsorbs zinc species only within adsorbed water layers above the terminal plane, while on (111) surface, zinc further-penetrates the substrate (below the terminal plane). Considering that both surfaces aremore » enriched with oxygen vacancies and metal-depleted sites; on which chemisorbed water species are expected, the observed contrast indicates that specific zinc adsorption is controlled strongly by the intrinsic surface chemistry that results from orientation-dependent interfacial structures.« less
  2. Water interaction with surfaces is very important and plays key roles in many natural and technological processes. Because the experimental challenges that arise when studying the interaction water with specific crystalline surfaces, most studies on metal oxides have focused on powder samples, which averaged the interaction over different crystalline surfaces. As a result, studies on the crystal orientation-dependent interaction of water with metal oxides are rarely available in the literature. In this work, water adsorption at 8 mol % yttria-stabilized cubic single crystal zirconia (100) and (111) surfaces was studied in terms of interfacial hydration structures using high resolution X-raymore » reflectivity measurements. The interfacial electron density profiles derived from the structure factor analysis of the measured data show the existence of multiple layers of adsorbed water with additional peculiar metal adsorption near the oxide surfaces.Surface relaxation, depletion, and interaction between the adsorbed layers and bulk water are found to vary greatly between the two surfaces and are also different when compared to the previously studied (110) surface. The fractional ratio between chemisorbed and physisorbed water species were also quantitatively estimated, which turned out to vary dramatically from surface to surface. Finally, the result gives us a unique opportunity to reconsider the simplified 2:1 relation between chemisorption and physisorption, originally proposed by Morimoto et al. based on the adsorption isotherms of water on powder metal oxide samples.« less

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