skip to main content


1 results for: All records
Author ORCID ID is 0000000294311138
Full Text and Citations
  1. Designing thin films or surface scaffolds with an appropriate display of chemical functionality is useful for biomedical applications, sensing platforms, adhesives, and barrier coatings. Relationships between the structural characteristics of model thin films based on reactive poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethyl azlactone) (PVDMA) brushes and the amount and distribution of primary amines used to chemically functionalize these layers in situ are quantitatively detailed via neutron reflectometry and compared with results from ellipsometry. After functionalization, the PVDMA brush thickness increases as a result of the primary amines reacting with the azlactone rings. Both techniques show that the extent of functionalization by small-molecule amines depends onmore » the size of the amine, the grafting density of brush chains, and their molecular weight. However, constrained analysis of neutron reflectivity data predicated on that technique’s sensitivity to isotopic substitution and its ability to resolve structure at the nanoscale shows that the extent of functionalization is not accurately represented by the average extent of functionalization determined from ellipsometric thickness: reactive modification is not uniform, even in modestly dense brushes, except when the penetrant is small. In addition, there appears to be a loss of PVDMA chains during functionalization, attributed to chain scission resulting from additional stretching brought about by functionalization. In conclusion, these findings provide unprecedented insight into the alteration of surface properties by reactive modification and broadly support efforts to produce tailored surfaces in which properties such as friction, colloidal stability, adhesion, wettability, and biocompatibility can be modulated in situ by chemical modification.« less

"Cited by" information provided by Web of Science.

DOE PAGES offers free public access to the best available full-text version of DOE-affiliated accepted manuscripts or articles after an administrative interval of 12 months. The portal and search engine employ a hybrid model of both centralized and distributed content, with PAGES maintaining a permanent archive of all full text and metadata.