Versatile Synthesis of Amine-Reactive Microgels by Self-Assembly of Azlactone-Containing Block CopolymersRelations between molecular design, chemical functionality, and stimulus-triggered response are important for a variety of applications of polymeric systems. In this paper, reactive amphiphilic block copolymers (BCPs) of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethylazlactone) (PVP-b-PVDMA) were synthesized and assembled into microgels capable of incorporating functional amines. The composition of the PVP-b-PVDMA BCPs was varied to control the number of reactive sites in the spherical aggregates created by self-assembly of PVP-b-PVDMA BCPs in a 2-propanol/THF (v:v = 19:1) solvent mixture, which is selective for PVP. PVDMA and PVP segments were selectively cross-linked by 1,4-diaminobutane (DAB) or 1,4-diiodobutane (DIB) to fabricate core- and corona-cross-linked azlactone-containing microgels, respectively.more »
Tailoring Surface Properties through in Situ Functionality Gradients in Reactively Modified Poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethyl azlactone) Thin FilmsGenerating physical or chemical gradients in thin-film scaffolds is an efficient approach for screening and optimizing an interfacial structure or chemical functionality to create tailored surfaces that are useful because of their wetting, antifouling, or barrier properties. In this paper, the relationship between the structure of poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethyl azlactone) (PVDMA) brushes created by the preferential assembly of poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-block-PVDMA diblock copolymers and the ability to chemically modify the PVDMA chains in situ to create a gradient in functionality are examined to investigate how the extent of functionalization affects the interfacial and surface properties. The introduction of a chemical gradient by controlledmore »
Assessing Chemical Transformation of Reactive, Interfacial Thin Films Made of End-Tethered Poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethyl azlactone) (PVDMA) ChainsDesigning thin films or surface scaffolds with an appropriate display of chemical functionality is useful for biomedical applications, sensing platforms, adhesives, and barrier coatings. Relationships between the structural characteristics of model thin films based on reactive poly(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethyl azlactone) (PVDMA) brushes and the amount and distribution of primary amines used to chemically functionalize these layers in situ are quantitatively detailed via neutron reflectometry and compared with results from ellipsometry. After functionalization, the PVDMA brush thickness increases as a result of the primary amines reacting with the azlactone rings. Both techniques show that the extent of functionalization by small-molecule amines depends onmore »
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