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Author ORCID ID is 0000000293151697
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  1. A prototype of an infrared imaging bolometer (IRVB) was successfully tested on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak at the end of its 2016 campaign. The IRVB method interprets the power radiated from the plasma by measuring the temperature rise of a thin, ~2 μm, Pt absorber that is placed in the torus vacuum and exposed, using a pinhole camera, to the full-spectrum of plasma’s photon emission. The IRVB installed on C-Mod viewed the poloidal cross section of the core plasma and observed Ohmic and ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF)-heated plasmas. Analysis of total radiated power and on-axis emissivity from IRVBmore » is summarized, and quantitative comparisons made to data from both resistive bolometers and AXUV diodes. IRVB results are clearly within a factor of two, but additional effort is needed for it to be used to fully support power exhaust research. The IRVB is shown to be immune to electromagnetic interference from ICRF which strongly impacts C-Mod’s resistive bolometers. Results of the bench-top calibration are summarized, including a novel temperature calibration method useful for IRVBs.« less
  2. The InfraRed imaging Video Bolometer measures plasma radiated power images using a thin metal foil. Two different designs with a tangential view of NSTX-U are made assuming a 640 x 480 (1280 x 1024) pixel, 30 (105) fps, 50 (20) mK, IR camera imaging the 9 cm x 9 cm x 2 μm Pt foil. The foil is divided into 40 x 40 (64 x 64) IRVB channels. This gives a spatial resolution of 3.4 (2.2) cm on the machine mid-plane. The noise equivalent power density of the IRVB is given as 113 (46) μW/cm 2 for a time resolutionmore » of 33 (20) ms. Synthetic images derived from SOLPS data using the IRVB geometry show peak signal levels ranging from ~0.8 - ~80 (~0.36 - ~26) mW/cm 2.« less
  3. The InfraRed Video Bolometer (IRVB) is a powerful tool to measure radiated power in magnetically confined plasmas due to its ability to obtain 2D images of plasma emission using a technique that is compatible with the fusion nuclear environment. A prototype IRVB has been developed and installed on NSTX-U to view the lower divertor. The IRVB is a pinhole camera which images radiation from the plasma onto a 2.5 μm thick, 9 × 7 cm 2 Pt foil and monitors the resulting spatio-temporal temperature evolution using an IR camera. The power flux incident on the foil is calculated by solvingmore » the 2D+time heat diffusion equation, using the foil’s calibrated thermal properties. An optimized, high frame rate IRVB, is quantitatively compared to results from a resistive bolometer on the bench using a modulated 405 nm laser beam with variable power density and square wave modulation from 0.2 Hz to 250 Hz. The design of the NSTX-U system and benchtop characterization are presented where signal-to-noise ratios are assessed using three different IR cameras: FLIR A655sc, FLIR A6751sc, and SBF-161. The sensitivity of the IRVB equipped with the SBF-161 camera is found to be high enough to measure radiation features in the NSTX-U lower divertor as estimated using SOLPS modeling. Here, the optimized IRVB has a frame rate up to 50 Hz, high enough to distinguish radiation during edge-localized-modes (ELMs) from that between ELMs.« less

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