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Author ORCID ID is 0000000280394008
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  1. Porous organic cage (POCs) are explored as a support for hazardous gas sorbents. The molecular mixing between the POC and methylated poly(ethylene imine) was observed and resulted in the improvement of mass transfer and thermal stability of the composite material.
  2. In this paper, the interaction between hydrogen sulfide and ZIF-8 was studied via structural characterizations and guest molecule diffusion measurements. It was found that hydrogen sulfide reacts with the ZIF-8 external particle surface to form a surface barrier that excludes the uptake of larger molecules (ethanol) and slows down the uptake of smaller molecules (carbon dioxide). Nonetheless, bulk transport properties were unaltered, as supported by pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance studies. Dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations revealed that H 2S is consumed by reactions occurring at the ZIF external surface. These reactions result in water and defect formation, bothmore » of which were found to be exothermic and independent of both crystallographic facets ({001} and {110}) and surface termination. Finally, we concluded that these surface reactions lead to structural and chemical changes to the ZIF-8 external surface that generate surface barriers to molecular transport.« less
  3. Defect engineering in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) is an emerging strategy that can be used to control physical or chemical characteristics of MOFs, including adsorption behavior and textural, mechanical, and conductive properties. Understanding the impact of defects on textural properties and chemical stability of MOFs is imperative to the development of MOFs with tunable defect sites. In this work, systematic adsorption measurements were performed with three adsorbate molecules (SO 2, benzene, and cyclohexane) to investigate changes in the pore size of defective UiO-66. Compared to the parent UiO-66, the defective UiO-66 shows significant changes in adsorption capacities among the selected adsorbatemore » molecules, demonstrating that pore size is significantly enlarged by the missing cluster defects. BET surface area analysis and DFT calculations were also performed to interrogate the chemical stability of the defective MOFs after exposure to water and acidic environments. This work shows that pore size can be tuned as a function of defect concentration. Further, it is shown that the structural incorporation of trifluoroacetate groups in defective UiO-66 leads to an increase in average pore size without sacrificing chemical stability toward water and acidic species. The results of this work advance the understanding of textural properties and chemical stability of defect-engineered MOFs and also suggest a preparation method for synthesizing defective but stable MOFs.« less
  4. Studies on aminopolymer/oxide composite materials for direct CO 2 capture from air have often focused on the prototypical poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) as the aminopolymer. But, it is known that PEI will oxidatively degrade at elevated temperatures. This degradation has been ascribed to the presence of secondary amines, which, when oxidized, lose their CO 2 capture capacity. We demonstrate the use of small molecule poly(propylenimine) (PPI) in linear and dendritic architectures supported in silica as adsorbent materials for direct CO 2 capture from air. Regardless of amine loading or aminopolymer architecture, the PPI-based sorbents are found to be more efficient for COmore » 2 capture than PEI-based sorbents. Moreover, PPI is found to be more resistant to oxidative degradation than PEI, even while containing secondary amines, as supported by FTIR, NMR, and ESI-MS studies. Our results suggest that PPI-based CO 2 sorbents may allow for longer sorbent working lifetimes due to an increased tolerance to sorbent regeneration conditions and suggest that the presence of secondary amines may not mean that all aminopolymers will oxidatively degrade.« less

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